1. Improvement of chemical technologies, new materials, biotechnology development:
- Modern catalysis, development and use of new catalysts and new catalytic processes;
- The development of genetic engineering technology, genetically modified crops and organisms;
- Immunobiological products and biocompatible materials;
- Modern construction materials and their manufacture and use technologies;
- Ceramic materials of wide application spectrum, superfirm tool materials;
- Materials and substances for low-tonnage chemical production, organic pigments and luminophores;
- Semiconduct materials based on ultrapure silicon, germanium, gallium arsenide and complex compounds; scintillation materials, optical and structural monocrystals.
2. Engineering and home appliances production using domestic technologies organization:
- Production of modern space and aviation equipment, ships and new generation electric vehicles; system facilities of technological design, manufacturing and logistic support of a new technologies creation processes;
- Dispatching systems, location systems in different surroundings, dual-use optoelectronic system;
- Equipment and materials for welding and implementation of related processes, durable welded constructions; equipment, materials and high technologies for anticorrosion protection;
- Equipment, components and high technologies for drafting and production of vehicles;
- Equipment and special technologies for metallurgical industry; recycling technologies for secondary raw materials of nonferrous metals;
- Municipal and consumer electronics, technological processes for its components production; organization of TV sets, refrigerators and other consumer goods production based on innovations.
3. Microelectronics, information technologies, telecommunications:
- Information technologies for control and management of the basic technologies objects; intelligent computing facilities of high performance; processes and objects recognition software systems ; broadband digital information distribution systems;
- Laser machinery and equipment, technological processes for their use;
- Electronic database of communication systems, computer and telecommunication technologies; fiber optic systems, light and information equipment.
4. Society innovation culture development:
- Support of national book-publishing; educational, scientific and popular publications;
- Development of educational, scientific and popular programs in the mass media;
- Distance education centers with modern telecommunication technologies;
- Modern computer technologies for teaching and scientific processes.
5. Protection and sanitation of human and environment:
- Diagnostic and therapeutic software and hardware;
- Medicinal products to treat diabetes, asthma, cardiovascular, cancer and infectious diseases (AIDS, tuberculosis, etc.); psychotropic and narcotic products;
- Medication based on processing of blood products;
- Pediatric formulations of medical products;
- Equipment and technologies for the use of alternative energy sources;
- Energy efficient, resource-saving, module, environmentally safe equipment and facilities for processes of water treatment, water purification, heating and management tools for these processes.